Lipids and Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents edited by Halldor Thormar

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Lipids and Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents
edited by Halldor Thormar

Lipids and Essential Oils as Antimicrobial Agents is a comprehensive review of the scientific knowledge in this field, covering use in the prevention and treatment of infections, as potential disinfectants, and for their preservative and antimicrobial properties when formulated as pharmaceuticals, in food products, and in cosmetics.

Covers:

  • the chemical and biological properties of lipids and essential oils
  • use of lipids and essential oils in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and health foods
  • antimicrobial effects of lipids
  • in vivo and in vitro
  • antimicrobial lipids in milk
  • antimicrobial lipids of the skin
  • antibacterial lipids as sanitizers and disinfectants
  • antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral activities of essential oils
  • antimicrobial lipids in milk
  • antimicrobial lipids of the skin
  • antibacterial lipids as sanitizers and disinfectants
  • antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral activities of essential oils
  • Contents

    1. Membranes as Targets of Antimicrobial Lipids

     

    • Oil and Water Don't Mix!
    • Polar Lipids.
    • Properties of Surfactants.
    • Cell Membranes.
    • The Action of Antimicrobial Lipids on Cell Membranes

    2. Antibacterial Effects of Lipids: Historical Review (1881 to 1960)

     

    • Antibacterial Activity of Soaps
    • Inhibition of Lipids and Serum Albumin against the Antibacterial Action of Soaps
    • Diverse Actions of Fatty Acids and Their Salts on Bacteria
    • The Nature of the Bactericidal Action of Fatty Acids
    • A Possible Role of Soaps and Fatty Acids in Host Defence against Bacteria
    • Studies of Prophylactic and Therapeutic Applications of Soaps and Fatty Acids

    3. Antibacterial, Antiviral and Antifungal Activities of Lipids

     

    • Antibacterial Activities of Fatty Acids and Monoglycerides
    • Antiviral Activities of Fatty Alcohols, Fatty Acids and Monoglycerides
    • Antifungal Activities of Fatty Acids and Monoglycerides

    4. Antimicrobial Lipids in Milk

     

    • Occurrence
    • Molecular Properties
    • Antimicrobial Activity
    • Applications
    • Safety, Tolerance and Efficacy

    5. Antimicrobial Lipids of the Skin and Tear Film

     

    • Innate Immune Mechanisms in Skin
    • Types and Locations of Lipids of the Skin and Tear Film
    • Functions of Lipids
    • Antimicrobial Activity of Lipids and Their Mechanisms of Killing
    • Synergy of Cutaneous Lipids and Other Innate Immune Molecules
    • Lipids as Therapeutic Agents

    6. Antimicrobial Lipids and Innate Immunity

     

    • The Role of Human Milk Lipids in Innate Immunity
    • Antimicrobial Lipids in the Pulmonary Mucosa
    • Antimicrobial Skin Lipids

    7. Lipids as Active Ingredients in Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics and Health Foods

     

    • Antimicrobial Effects of Lipids
    • Lipids in Pharmaceuticals
    • Microbicidal Lipids in Agriculture and Aquaculture
    • Lipids in Therapy
    • Lipids in Cosmetics
    • Lipids in Health Food

    8. Antimicrobial Lipids as Disinfectants, Antiseptics and Sanitizers

     

    • Soaps as Disinfectants and Antiseptics
    • Use of Bactericidal Lipids to Reduce Microbial Contamination of Food Products
    • Killing of Foodborne Bacteria by Glycerol Monocaprate (Monocaprin) Emulsions

    9. Chemistry and Bioactivity of Essential Oils

     

    • Chemistry of Essential Oils
    • Biological Activity of Essential Oils
    • Uses of Essential Oils

    10. Antiviral Effects of Plant-Derived Essential Oils and Pure Oil Components

     

    • Characterization and Medicinal Use of Essential Oils
    • Cytotoxicity of Essential Oils
    • Antiviral Activities of Essential Oils
    • Mode of Antiviral Action of Essential Oils

    11. Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of Essential Oils

     

    • Methods for Quantifying Antimicrobial Activity
    • Antibacterial and Antifungal Essential Oils by Plant Family
    • Antimicrobial Essential-Oil Components
    • Factors Influencing Activity
    • Mechanisms of Action
    • Clinical Efficacy of Essential Oils and Components

    Index

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