The Modern Ayurveda: Milestones Beyond the Classical Age by C. P. Khare, Chandra Kant Katiyar

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The Modern Ayurveda: Milestones Beyond the Classical Age

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      • Covers the transition period of Ayurvedic medicine from the classical to the modern age
      • Provides a comprehensive source for scientific aspects of modern Ayurveda
      • Includes the new classification of Ayurvedic herbs, bioactive constituents, photochemical markers, and herb interactions
      • Discusses the application of modern scientific analytical tools for standardization, modern pharmacological tools for safety and efficacy evaluation, and the application of biotechnology to elicit the mechanism of drug actions
      • Presents the global regulatory status of Ayurvedic herbs

       

       

      Summary

       

      The Indian population has used Ayurvedic herbs for centuries, but now modern scientific work has led to recognition and acceptance at a global level. The major cause of the increased popularity of Ayurvedic medicine stems from recent scientific validation and its potential in lifestyle management. This growth in research in India and worldwide has created the need for a resource covering the scientific development of Ayurvedic herbs for practice during the postclassical period. The Modern Ayurveda: Milestones Beyond the Classical Ageexplores a host of topics essential to understanding the surge of scientific work now being conducted on this ancient practice.

       

      A one-point source for the modern explorer attempting to appreciate the transformation of Ayurveda from an empirical to a rationalist understanding, the book enumerates more than 400 Ayurvedic herbs with compiled information including their botanical name, common Ayurvedic name and family, their attributes, chemical constituents, phytochemical markers, pharmacological actions, and their interactions and toxicity. It explores current research methodologies for the evaluation of efficacy and safety of herbal medicine and discusses the contemporary international regulatory status of herbal drugs.

       

      Ayurvedic medicine can be better understood and utilized through the application of modern scientific analytical tools for standardization, modern pharmacological tools for safety and efficacy evaluation, and the application of biotechnology to elicit the mechanism of drug actions. Bringing Ayurveda into the 21st century, this volume will inform further progress and open new doors to treatment.

       

       

      Table of Contents

       

      How the Concept of Modern Ayurveda Emerged; C. P. Khare
      Transition from Ancient to Modern Ayurveda; Chandra Kant Katiyar
      Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese Medicine: Challenges and Strategies; Chandra Kant Katiyar
      Introduction
      History and Philosophy
      Basic Principles
      Current Status 
      Scope and Achievements 
      Issues and Perspectives 
      Conclusion 
      References
      Herb Nomenclature of the Last Classical Ayurvedic Treatise: Bhavaprakasa
      By Botanical Name
      By Ayurvedic Name
      Classical Attributes of Ayurvedic Herbs
      Bioactive Constituents of Medicinal Plants;
       V. K. Agarwal
      Alkaloids
      Classification of Alkaloids
      General Properties of Alkaloids 
      Pharmacology 
      Anthocyanins 
      Flavones 
      Flavonoids 
      Tannins 
      Properties of Tannins 
      Industrial Uses of Tannins 
      Essential Oils 
      Pharmacology 
      Menthol 
      Camphor 
      Clove 
      Cypress 
      Lavender 
      Jasmine 
      Patchouli 
      Eucalyptus 
      Rosemary 
      Other Uses of Essential Oils 
      Terpenoids 
      Steroids
      Sterols 
      Cholesterol 
      Ergosterol 
      Stigmasterol 
      Cardioactive Glycosides 
      Steroidal Glycosides 
      Cardiac Glycosides of Digitalis
      Saponins
      Saponins from Licorice
      Saponins from Soapnut
      Pharmacological Activity of Saponins
      Gum, Resin, and Mucilage
      Gums and Mucilage
      Resins
      Bitters
      Pungent Constituents 
      Coumarins 
      Anthraquinones
      Chemical Constituents of Ayurvedic Herbs
      Phytochemical Markers of Ayurvedic Herbs
      Interaction, Toxicity, and Specific Findings from Ayurvedic Herbs; 
      C. P. Khare
      Modern Pharmacological Classification of Ayurvedic Herbs;
       Chandra Kant Katiyar and Arun Gupta
      Antacids
      Antiallergics
      Antiasthmatics
      Anticancer
      Antidiabetics
      Antidiarrheals
      Anti-DUB
      Antiemetics
      Antiflatulents
      Antihypertensives
      Anti-Inflammatory
      Antimicrobials
      Antiobesity
      Antiparkinsonians
      Antipyretics
      Antispasmodics
      Antistress 
      Antitussives and Expectorants 
      Antiurolithiatics 
      Aphrodisiacs 
      Blood Purifiers 
      Cardioprotectives 
      Digestives 
      Diuretics 
      Galactogogues 
      Hepatoprotectives 
      Hypolipidemics 
      Immunomodulators 
      Laxatives 
      Narcotics 
      Nephroprotectives 
      Nootropics 
      Sedatives 
      Skin Disorders 
      Tonics 
      Wound Healers
      Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Herbal/Ayurvedic Medicines
      Arun Gupta and Chandra Kant Katiyar
      Introduction 
      Definitions 
      Historical Aspects
      Regulatory Aspects on Conducting Clinical Trials
      World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines 
      Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Guidelines 
      Good Clinical Practice (GCP) Guidelines 
      Department of AYUSH, India 
      Ethical Issues 
      Limitations of Herbal and Traditional Medicine with Reference to Clinical
      Trials 
      Trial Design
      Randomized Controlled Trials
      Blinding
      Placebo 
      Standardization or Quality Control 
      Ayurvedic Perspective 
      Need of Alternative Approach to Clinical Trial for Traditional Medicine 
      Prakriti (Psychosomatic Constitution) 
      Rogi (Patient), Roga (Disease), and Pariksha (Examination) 
      Kriyakala (Interventions at Different Stages of Disease) 
      Pathya-apathya (Diet) to Be Followed with Medicine 
      Anupana (Vehicle) for Drug Administration 
      Proposed Methodologies for Clinical Trials on Ayurvedic Drugs 
      Toxicity Studies on Ayurvedic and Herbal Drugs 
      Acute Toxicity (OECD Test No. 43)
      Subacute Toxicity (OECD Test No. 412)
      Subchronic Toxicity (OECD Test No. 413)
      Chronic Toxicity (OECD Test Guideline 452)
      Carcinogenicity (OECD Test Guideline 451)
      Test Guideline 416)
      Ocular Toxicity (OECD Test No. 4052)
      Neurotoxicity (OECD Test No. 424)
      Conclusion and Way Forward
      References
      International Regulatory Status of Herbal Drugs; Sanjay Sharma
      Southeast Asia 
      Bangladesh 
      India 
      Indonesia
      Myanmar
      Nepal 
      Sri Lanka 
      Thailand 
      Eastern Mediterranean 
      Egypt 
      Iran 
      Kuwait 
      Pakistan
      Saudi Arabia
      United Arab Emirates 
      Western Pacific
      Australia
      China
      Fiji
      Japan
      Africa 
      South Africa 
      The Americas 
      United States of America 
      Argentina
      Canada
      Chile
      Nicaragua 
      Europe 
      European Union 
      Conclusion 
      Bibliography
      Information Resources
      Databases 
      Herbal Monographs 
      Publicly Available 
      Subscription Based 
      Online Journals, Libraries, and Citations 
      Professional Associations 
      Related Links 
      Images 
      Adverse Effects, Safety, and Standards 
      Legal and Regulatory Information
      Country-Specific Complementary and Alternative Medicine 
      United Kingdom 
      United States of America 
      India
      Index

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