Handbook of Essential Oils: Science, Technology, and Applications, Second Edition by K. Husnu Can Baser, Gerhard Buchbauer

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October 27, 2015 by CRC Press
Reference - 1112 Pages - 5 Color & 618 B/W Illustrations


  • Includes new chapters as well as revisions and expansions to chapters from the first edition
  • Covers sources, production, analysis, storage, and transport of oils as well as applications in aromatherapy, pharmacology, toxicology, and metabolism
  • Discusses biological activity testing, results of antimicrobial and antioxidant tests, and penetration-enhancing activities useful in drug delivery


The second edition of Handbook of Essential Oils: Science, Technology, and Applications provides a much-needed compilation of information related to the development, use, and marketing of essential oils. It focuses particularly on the chemistry, pharmacology, and biological activities of essential oils, with contributions from a worldwide group of expert authorities on their historical, biological, regulatory, and biotransformation aspects.

Features in the Second Edition:


    • New chapters on the natural variability of components that often occurs in essential oils and on the natural processes that cause adulteration of essential oils


    • Revisions, updates, and expansions of previous chapters


    • Splits a previous chapter on biological activities of essential oils into two separate chapters on biological activities and antioxidative properties


The book covers a wide range of areas applicable to essential oils research, including sources, production, analysis, storage, transport, chemistry, aromatherapy, pharmacology, toxicology, metabolism, technology, biotransformation, application, utilization, and trade. It includes discussions of biological activity testing, results of antimicrobial and antioxidant tests, and penetration-enhancing activities useful in drug delivery.

A continuation of its preceding edition that features enhanced and expanded information, the second edition of Handbook of Essential Oils provides you with a broad and authoritative knowledge base in the study and use of essential oils.


Table of Contents

K. Hüsnü Can Başer and Gerhard Buchbauer

History and Sources of Essential Oil Research
Karl-Heinz Kubeczka

Sources of Essential Oils
Chlodwig Franz and Johannes Novak

Natural Variability of Essential Oil Components
Éva Németh-Zámbori

Production of Essential Oils
Erich Schmidt

Chemistry of Essential Oils
Charles Sell

Analysis of Essential Oils
Barbara d’Acampora Zellner, Paola Dugo, Giovanni Dugo, and Luigi Mondello

Safety Evaluation of Essential Oils: Constituent-Based Approach Utilized for Flavor Ingredients—An Update
Sean V. Taylor

Metabolism of Terpenoids in Animal Models and Humans
Walter Jäger and Martina Höferl

Biological Activities of Essential Oils: An Update
Gerhard Buchbauer and Ramona Bohusch

Antioxidative Properties of Essential Oils and Single Fragrance Compounds
Gerhard Buchbauer and Marina Erkic

Effects of Essential Oils in the Central Nervous System
Eva Heuberger, Domingos Sávio Nunes, Viviane de Moura Linck, Adriana Lourenço da Silva, Micheli Figueiró, and Elaine Elisabetsky

Phytotherapeutic Uses of Essential Oils
Robert Harris

In Vitro
Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils Monographed in the European Pharmacopoeia 8th Edition
Alexander Pauli and Heinz Schilcher

Aromatherapy with Essential Oils
Maria Lis-Balchin

Essential Oils Used in Veterinary Medicine
K. Hüsnü Can Başer and Chlodwig Franz

Use of Essential Oils in Agriculture
Gerhard Buchbauer and Susanne Hemetsberger

Adulteration of Essential Oils
Erich Schmidt and Jürgen Wanner

Biotransformation of Monoterpenoids by Microorganisms, Insects, and Mammals
Yoshiaki Noma and Yoshinori Asakawa

Biotransformation of Sesquiterpenoids, Ionones, Damascones, Adamantanes, and Aromatic Compounds by Green Algae, Fungi, and Mammals
Yoshinori Asakawa and Yoshiaki Noma

Industrial Uses of Essential Oils
W.S. Brud

Encapsulation and Other Programmed Release Techniques for Essential Oils and Volatile Terpenes
Jan Karlsen

Trade of Essential Oils
Hugo Bovill

Storage, Labelling and Transport of Essential Oils
Jens Jankowski, Jens-Achim Protzen, Klaus-Dieter Protzen

Aroma-Vital Cuisine: Healthy and Delightful Consumption by the Use of Essential Oils
Maria M. Kettenring and Lara-M. Vucemilovic-Geeganage

Recent EU Legislation on Flavors and Fragrances and Its Impact on Essential Oils
Jan C.R. Demyttenaere



Editor(s) Bio

K. Hüsnü Can Baser, PhD, earned his doctorate in pharmacognosy at Chelsea College of the University of London, UK. He is currently a visiting professor at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. He has held various positions at Anadolu University, including dean of the faculty of pharmacy, head of the department of professional pharmaceutical sciences, head of the pharmacognosy section, member of the university board and senate, and director of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plant and Drug Research Centre (TBAM). He has communicated 940 papers in 262 symposia, and has published over 700 papers in international refereed journals, 144 papers in Turkish journals, 141 papers in conference proceedings, and 52 books or book chapters. For more information, visit http://www.khcbaser.com.

Gerhard Buchbauer, PhD, earned his doctorate in pharmacy and philosophy at the University of Vienna, Austria. In 2002, he was elected head of the Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry at the University of Vienna. He retired in 2008 and is still a member of numerous scientific committees and societies as well as a member of several editorial boards, including the Journal of Essential Oil Research, the International Journal of Essential Oil Therapeutics, and Scientia Pharmaceutica. He is also assistant editor of the Flavour and Fragrance Journal. He has been instrumental in establishing the area of fragrance and flavor chemistry as a research discipline within the pharmaceutical sciences.

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