Handbook of Essential Oils: Science, Technology, and Applications

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  • Covers the chemical diversity in essential oils and the techniques used to analyze them
  • Explores the biotransformations of essential oil constituents
  • Discusses the use of essential oils in perfumery, cosmetics, feed, food, beverages, and pharmaceutical industries
  • Includes a rare compilation of information on applications of essential oils as feed additives and for treating disease in pets and farm animals
  • Contains coverage of up-to-date regulations and legislative procedures


Egyptian hieroglyphs, Chinese scrolls, and Ayurvedic literature record physicians administering aromatic oils to their patients. Today society looks to science to document  health choices and the oils do not disappoint. The growing body of evidence of their efficacy for more than just scenting a room underscores the need for production standards, quality control parameters for raw materials and finished products, and well-defined Good Manufacturing Practices. Edited by two renowned experts, the Handbook of Essential Oils covers all aspects of essential oils from chemistry, pharmacology, and biological activity, to production and trade, to uses and regulation.

Bringing together significant research and market profiles, this comprehensive handbook provides a much-needed compilation of information related to the development, use, and marketing of essential oils, including their chemistry and biochemistry. A select group of authoritative experts explores the historical, biological, regulatory, and microbial aspects. This reference also covers sources, production, analysis, storage, and transport of oils as well as aromatherapy, pharmacology, toxicology, and metabolism. It includes discussions of biological activity testing, results of antimicrobial and antioxidant tests, and penetration-enhancing activities useful in drug delivery.

New information on essential oils may lead to an increased understanding of their multidimensional uses and better, more ecologically friendly production methods. Reflecting the immense developments in scientific knowledge available on essential oils, this book brings multidisciplinary coverage of essential oils into one all-inclusive resource.


Table of Contents

Introduction, K. Hüsnü Can Bas¸er and G. Buchbauer

History and Sources of Essential Oil Research, K.-H. Kubeczka

Sources of Essential Oils, C. Franz and J. Novak

Production of Essential Oils, E. Schmidt

Chemistry of Essential Oils, C. Sell

Analysis of Essential Oils, B. d'Acampora Zellner, P. Dugo, G. Dugo, and L. Mondello

Safety Evaluation of Essential Oils: A Constituent-Based Approach, T.B. Adams and S.V. Taylor

Metabolism of Terpenoids in Animal Models and Humans, W. Jäger

Biological Activities of Essential Oils, G. Buchbauer

Effects of Essential Oils in the Central Nervous System

Part I: Central Nervous System Effects of Essential Oils in Humans, E. Heuberger

Part II: Psychopharmacology of Essential Oils, D. Sávio Nunes, V. de Moura Linck, A. Lourenço da Silva, M. Figueiró, and E. Elisabetsky

Phytotherapeutic Uses of Essential Oils, B. Harris

In Vitro Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils Monographed in the European Pharmacopoeia 6th Edition, A. Pauli and H. Schilcher

Aromatherapy with Essential Oils, M. Lis-Balchin

Biotransformation of Monoterpenoids by Microorganisms, Insects, and Mammals, Y. Noma and Y. Asakawa

Biotransformation of Sesquiterpenoids, Ionones, Damascones, Adamantanes, and Aromatic Compounds by Green Algae, Fungi, and Mammals, Y. Asakawa and Y. Noma

Industrial Uses of Essential Oils, W.S. Brud

Encapsulation and Other Programmed Release Techniques for Essential Oils and Volatile Terpenes, J. Karlsen

Aroma-Vital Cuisine, M.M. Kettenring and L.M. Vucemilovic

Essential Oils Used in Veterinary Medicine, K. Hüsnü Can Ba¸ser and C. Franz

Trade of Essential Oils, H. Bovill

Storage and Transport of Essential Oils, K.-D. Protzen

Recent EU Legislation on Flavors and Fragrances and its Impact on Essential Oils, J.C.R. Demyttenaere


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