Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom

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The “King” and “Queen” of Spices

Authors: K.P. Prabhakaran Nair



Known as the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), both perennial crops of the tropics, are the most important and most widely sought after spice crops of the world. They both have many uses, for example, both are used as flavourings and as a medicine.


This book provides a comprehensive review of these two very important spice crops, covering origin, history, geographical distribution, production, economy and their uses. 


Key Features

    • Discusses the two major spices of great economic value to the developing world


  • The author is an eminent scientist who has won numerous awards for his work in this area



Professionals, researchers, students, and government involved in agriculture and allied sectors

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • 1. The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)—The “King of Spices”
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. The Pepper Plant—Its Botany and Chemistry
    • 1.3. Pepper Agronomy
    • 1.4. The Role of the Nutrient Buffer Power Concept in Pepper Nutrition
    • 1.5. Establishing a Pepper Plantation
    • 1.6. Pepper Pests and Their Control
    • 1.7. The Processing of Black Pepper on Farm
    • 1.8. An Account of Indonesian Pepper Processing
    • 1.9. Industrial Processing of Black Pepper
    • 1.10. The Future of the Global Pepper Economy
    • 1.11. Pepper Economy in India
    • 1.12. Pepper Pharmacopoeia
    • 1.13. Consumer Products Out of Black Pepper
    • 1.14. Value Addition in Pepper
    • 1.15. Conclusions and a Peep Into Pepper’s Future
  • 2. The Agronomy and Economy of Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.): The “Queen of Spices”
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Cardamom Botany
    • 2.3. Cardamom Chemistry
    • 2.4. The Agronomy of Cardamom
    • 2.5. The Role of “The Nutrient Buffer Power Concept” in Cardamom Nutrition
    • 2.6. Cardamom Pathology
    • 2.7. Cardamom Entomology
    • 2.8. Harvesting and Processing of Cardamom
    • 2.9. Industrial Processing of Cardamom and Cardamom Products
    • 2.10. The Economy of Cardamom Production
    • 2.11. Pharmacological Properties of Cardamom
    • 2.12. A Peek into the Future of Cardamom
    • 2.13. Large Cardamom (Amomum Subulatum Roxb.)
    • 2.14. False Cardamom
    • 2.15. Specification for Cardamom

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